by Maxschnauzer » 25 Aug 2014, 12:40, Post Aircraft with this configuration are more stable and easier to control. by phylo_roadking » 28 Aug 2014, 23:17, Post For military planes, this is important, as enemy aircraft, as well as anti-aircraft guns may aim for the tail with the goal of destabilizing the plane so the pilot can no longer control it, forcing it to the ground. Passenger cabin shots showing seat arrangements as well as cargo aircraft interior, Cargo Aircraft Pictures of great freighter aircraft, Government Aircraft The T-tail design is popular with gliders and essential where high performance is required. One of UK worst accidents (the second worse after lockerbie i think) was in the 70s when a BEA trident left. Nobody is ever going to know what caused that Trident crash exactly. These advantages can all be design considerations when developing new planes. Significant aircraft with twin tails include the Consolidated B-24 Liberator, Handley-Page Halifax, Avro Lancaster, and P-38 Lightning. There were a LOT of legit proposals out there. Initially I thought that the reason the twin-tail was adopted was that it facilitated easy installation of a tail gunner's position. A T-Tail design is an aircraft configuration in which the tail control surfaces with the horizontal surface are mounted on top of the aircraft fin forming a T look when viewed from the front. Airplane design is easy, the difficulty is getting them to fly - Barnes Wallis. Examples of this construction are the twin-engined Lockheed P-38 Lightning; Northrop P-61 Black Widow; Focke-Wulf Fw 189; the single jet-engined de Havilland Vampire; cargo-carrying Fairchild C-119 Flying Boxcar and the little known Transavia PL-12 Airtruk. Maintenance issues: It will be difficult to climb up there and work on the T-tail if it has some problems. Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of this arrangement.

So there is some thought currently that there may have been some CRM issues, but this was long before that term every came into the vocabulary. It also affords a degree of redundancy—if one tail is damaged, the other ma… Thanks for the photo of the model. Additionally, in the case of military planes, tail gunners have more visibility and range when they do not need to work around a very prominent single tail. On the positive side you have a less noisy cabin (lets say in front of the by design clean wing). It probably helps in loading through the rear, too, since the elevator is up and out of the way. Take for example the twin-tail design, mostly used on bombers (for arguments sake I'm excluding twin-boom aircraft eg P-38, Fw189, Fokker G.1). Effective rotation: It is effective for aircraft flying at low speeds because having a responsive pitch control enables the aircraft to effectively rotate on landing. I prefer T-Tailed jets. Inspection: It is difficult to inspect the evaluator surface from the ground since the controls running to the elevators are very complex.

Twin Cessna 812 Victor, Minneapolis Center, we observe your operation in the immediate vicinity of extreme precipitation, As I understand it, the T-tail on jets was developed to give room for rear mounted engines. by Ironmachine » 25 Aug 2014, 08:25, Post One advantage to the twin tail is the ability to control the plane even if one tail becomes compromised. Provides smooth flow: A T-tail ensures the tailplane surfaces behind the wings are out of the airflow. I don't care what you think of my opinion. Without the propwash the tail has to rely solely on airspeed for air movement over it, which is one of the reasons you don't see a lot of aerobatic aircraft such as Pitts, Extra's and Sukhoi's running around with T-tails. Twenty years ago we had Johnny Cash, Bob Hope and Steve Jobs. A twin tail can also simplify hangar requirements, give dorsal gunners enhanced firing area, and in some cases reduce the aircraft's weight. On multi-engine propeller designs twin fin and rudders operating in the propeller slipstream give greater rudder authority and improved control at low airspeeds, and when taxiing. Able to kill active threads stone dead with a single post! Twin tails used as endplates on the tailplane also increase the tailplane's efficiency so it can be … In a variation on the twin tail design, a plane can have two fuselages connected to a single horizontal stabilizer, with twin tails at the ends to keep the plane stable.

There were other minor differences, but the tail is the main difference in shape. It also affords a degree of redundancy—if one tail is damaged, the other may remain functional. its more stable in turbulent conditions and centerline thrust (in case of engine failure). Separating the control surfaces allows for additional rudder area or vertical surface without requiring a massive single tail. Thanks guys, you keep teaching me more and more every day. Beautiful shots taken while the sun is below the horizon, Accidents but there are also wing-engined jets that have T-tails, like the C-5 Galaxy and the Avro. Build cost: The cost of designing the T-tail aircraft is high compared to the cost of a convention tailplane aircraft. I thought I was doing good trying to avoid those airport hotels... and look at me now.

Views from inside the cockpit, Aircraft Cabins A stalled wing at high angles of attack may lead to blanking of the airflow over tailplane and the elevators may lead to loss of pitch control. Most often, the twin vertical surfaces are attached to the ends of the horizontal stabilizer, but a few aircraft in aviation history—like the Armstrong Whitworth Whitley, Mitsubishi G3M and Dornier Do 19 bombers, had their twin vertical surfaces mounted to the upper surface of the fixed stabilizer instead, at some distance inwards from the horizontal stabilizer's tips.

The arrangement is not limited to World War II-vintage aircraft, however. Very interesting, Starlionblue. obtain an immediate elevator authority by increasing the aircraft power. 3. A twin tail is a specific type of vertical stabilizer arrangement found on the empennage of some aircraft.

Twin-tail-boom aircraft designs of 1939-45 – Facts and Fantasy – by X.Toff. 1. Rear mounted engines would also be much closer to the centerline of the aircraft, reducing the controllability issues in an engine out scenario. Learn how your comment data is processed., Props and jets from the good old days, Flight Decks I know it doesn't count for much but T-Tails just looks so much better. Aircraft painted in beautiful and original liveries, Airport Overviews 4. 8. Pros: 1. 5. by Maxschnauzer » 27 Aug 2014, 01:38, Post Chapter 6 Tail Design 278 6.2. Or, in the case of a Seminole, you get a really big left arm from yanking back on the yoke during stalls and slow flight and a really small right arm from spinning the stab trim wheel so much.

For the pilots its interesting to note that if you apply thrust it has a pitch down tendency (when engines mounted rear) because the engines are above the C.G. Some aircraft used multiple tails to reduce their height so as to fit into smaller hangars such as the Lockheed Constellation. Airport overviews from the air or ground, Tails and Winglets by Tomg44 » 28 Aug 2014, 07:06, Post I think in many instances, the horizontal stab was placed on top of the rudder because that was the only place let to put it where it would be out of the way. Discussions on every day life in the Weimar Republic, pre-anschluss Austria, Third Reich and the occupied territories. 1Cause deep stall: T-Tail surface may cause deep stall where the elevator/stabilizer becomes stalled making the nose impossible to push over due to the stalled condition.

Why aircraft designers choose a particular tack for design has always fascinated me.

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